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Lipopolysaccharide inhibits the channel activity of the P2X7 receptor.

Mediators of inflammation (2011-09-24)
Elias Leiva-Salcedo, Claudio Coddou, Felipe E Rodríguez, Antonello Penna, Ximena Lopez, Tanya Neira, Ricardo Fernández, Mónica Imarai, Miguel Rios, Jorge Escobar, Margarita Montoya, J Pablo Huidobro-Toro, Alejandro Escobar, Claudio Acuña-Castillo
ABSTRACT

The purinergic P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) plays an important role during the immune response, participating in several events such as cytokine release, apoptosis, and necrosis. The bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is one of the strongest stimuli of the immune response, and it has been shown that P2X7R activation can modulate LPS-induced responses. Moreover, a C-terminal binding site for LPS has been proposed. In order to evaluate if LPS can directly modulate the activity of the P2X7R, we tested several signaling pathways associated with P2X7R activation in HEK293 cells that do not express the TLR-4 receptor. We found that LPS alone was unable to induce any P2X7R-related activity, suggesting that the P2X7R is not directly activated by the endotoxin. On the other hand, preapplication of LPS inhibited ATP-induced currents, intracellular calcium increase, and ethidium bromide uptake and had no effect on ERK activation in HEK293 cells. In splenocytes-derived T-regulatory cells, in which ATP-induced apoptosis is driven by the P2X7R, LPS inhibited ATP-induced apoptosis. Altogether, these results demonstrate that LPS modulates the activity of the P2X7R and suggest that this effect could be of physiological relevance.

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