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Experimental verification of Faradaic charging in ac electrokinetics.

Biomicrofluidics (2009-08-21)
Wee Yang Ng, Yee Cheong Lam, Isabel Rodríguez
ABSTRACT

This paper investigates the phenomenon of Faradaic charging in ac electrokinetics. Faradaic reactions were suggested as a key effect responsible for the reversal of pumping direction in ac micropumps. However, this hypothesis has yet to be proven convincingly and directly. Here we present an ion detection strategy to determine the production of ions through Faradaic hydrolytic reactions originating from direct application of voltage to electrolytic solutions during ac electrokinetics. Experiments were performed with symmetrical planar electrodes aligned along a microfluidic channel. Fluorescein, a pH-dependent dye, was employed as the pH indicator for the detection of ion production. Images were captured for analysis at various voltage levels. From analyzing the fluorescence intensity and its distribution, it can be concluded that the production of ions from hydrolytic reactions takes place and increases with the ac voltage. The coefficient of deviation indicates a significant enhancement at ac voltage above 11 V(pp). Lastly, we demonstrate a strategy using dc-biased ac electrokinetics to achieve controllability in direction and magnitude of the net fluid flow in pumping application.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Fluorescein sodium salt, used as fluorescent tracer
Sigma-Aldrich
Fluorescein sodium salt, BioReagent, suitable for fluorescence
Sigma-Aldrich
Fluorescein sodium salt, p.a., for source staining