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  • Severe ulceration with impaired induction of growth factors and cytokines in keratinocytes after trichloroacetic acid application on TRPV1-deficient mice.

Severe ulceration with impaired induction of growth factors and cytokines in keratinocytes after trichloroacetic acid application on TRPV1-deficient mice.

European journal of dermatology : EJD (2012-08-04)
Hong-jin Li, Nobuo Kanazawa, Ayako Kimura, Chikako Kaminaka, Nozomi Yonei, Yuki Yamamoto, Fukumi Furukawa
ABSTRACT

Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) is a highly polymodal TRP channel activated by various stimuli, including capsaicin, heat and acids. TRPV1 expression can be detected widely but is highest in sensory neurons and its activation alerts the body to noxious signals via neurogenic pain. Although TRPV1 is reportedly localized in the epidermis, it remains unclear how TRPV1 is involved in the chemical peeling processes with cytotoxic acids. Therefore, in this study, the role of TRPV1 on the effects of trichloroacetic acid (TCA) peeling was assessed using TRPV1-deficient mice. Following the confirmation of TRPV1 expression in murine keratinocytes with reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry, the effects of TCA on TRPV1-deficient mouse skin were compared with those on wild-type mouse skin. Our results indicated that TRPV1 expression was not required for TCA-induced DNA damage, as shown by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick end labeling, but was indispensable for the TCA-induced production of distinct growth factors and cytokines by keratinocytes. Ulceration after TCA peeling was actually more severe in the absence of TRPV1, suggesting that the TRPV1-mediated epidermal production of growth factors and cytokines affected the damaging and healing processes of TCA-peeled skin to induce rejuvenation.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Trichloroacetic acid solution, 6.1 N
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Trichloroacetic acid, ≥99.0% (titration)
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Trichloroacetic acid, ACS reagent, ≥99.0%
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Trichloroacetic acid, BioXtra, ≥99.0%
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Trichloroacetic acid, suitable for electrophoresis, suitable for fixing solution (for IEF and PAGE gels), ≥99%
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Trichloroacetic acid, BioUltra, ≥99.5% (T)
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Trichloroacetic acid, ACS reagent, for the determination of Fe in blood according to Heilmeyer, ≥99.5%