MilliporeSigma

Free amino acids and biogenic amines in Alicante Monastrell wines.

Food chemistry (2012-09-08)
Marina Patricia Arrieta, María Soledad Prats-Moya
ABSTRACT

The simultaneous determination of 17 free amino acids and 8 biogenic amines in Alicante Monastrell wines was investigated for the first time. The quantification was carried out by using a RP-HPLC method, based on a pre-column derivatization with o-phthaldialdehyde (OPA) and fluorescence detection. From the results obtained it may be concluded that the most abundant free amino acids were Glu, Arg, Ala Asp, and Lys. None of the wine samples analysed had histamine (HIM) or Tyramine (TYM) levels above the limits considered as a possible toxic risk for healthy individuals. No measurable amounts of cadaverine (CAD) or methylamine (MEA) were found, showing no spoilage symptoms of sensory properties of the wines. Tryptamine (TRM) content was significantly higher in aged wines compared to young wines. However ethanolamine (ETA) content was lower. These data were used to make a preliminary classification of the samples using cluster analysis.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Methyl 3,5-diformyl-1-indolizinecarboxylate, ≥90% (HPLC)