• Home
  • Search Results
  • Cross-regulation of the Bacillus subtilis glnRA and tnrA genes provides evidence for DNA binding site discrimination by GlnR and TnrA.

Cross-regulation of the Bacillus subtilis glnRA and tnrA genes provides evidence for DNA binding site discrimination by GlnR and TnrA.

Journal of bacteriology (2006-03-21)
Jill M Zalieckas, Lewis V Wray, Susan H Fisher
ABSTRACT

Two Bacillus subtilis transcriptional factors, TnrA and GlnR, regulate gene expression in response to changes in nitrogen availability. These two proteins have similar amino acid sequences in their DNA binding domains and bind to DNA sites (GlnR/TnrA sites) that have the same consensus sequence. Expression of the tnrA gene was found to be activated by TnrA and repressed by GlnR. Mutational analysis demonstrated that a GlnR/TnrA site which lies immediately upstream of the -35 region of the tnrA promoter is required for regulation of tnrA expression by both GlnR and TnrA. Expression of the glnRA operon, which contains two GlnR/TnrA binding sites (glnRAo1 and glnRAo2) in its promoter region, is repressed by both GlnR and TnrA. The glnRAo2 site, which overlaps the -35 region of the glnRA promoter, was shown to be required for regulation by both GlnR and TnrA, while the glnRAo1 site which lies upstream of the -35 promoter region is only involved in GlnR-mediated regulation. Examination of TnrA binding to tnrA and glnRA promoter DNA in gel mobility shift experiments showed that TnrA bound with an equilibrium dissociation binding constant of 55 nM to the GlnR/TnrA site in the tnrA promoter region, while the affinities of TnrA for the two GlnR/TnrA sites in the glnRA promoter region were greater than 3 muM. These results demonstrate that GlnR and TnrA cross-regulate each other's expression and that there are differences in their DNA-binding specificities.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
3-(N,N-Dimethyloctylammonio)propanesulfonate inner salt