• Home
  • Search Results
  • The novel protein kinase Vlk is essential for stromal function of mesenchymal cells.

The novel protein kinase Vlk is essential for stromal function of mesenchymal cells.

Development (Cambridge, England) (2009-05-26)
Masaki Kinoshita, Takumi Era, Lars Martin Jakt, Shin-Ichi Nishikawa
ABSTRACT

From a list of protein kinases (PKs) that are newly induced upon differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells to mesendoderm, we identified a previously uncharacterized kinase, Vlk (vertebrate lonesome kinase), that is well conserved in vertebrates but has no homologs outside of the vertebrate lineage. Its kinase domain cannot be classified into any of the previously defined kinase groups or families. Although Vlk is first expressed in E-cadherin-positive anterior visceral endoderm and mesendoderm, its expression is later confined to E-cadherin-negative mesenchyme. Vlk is enriched in the Golgi apparatus and blocks VSVG transport from the Golgi to the plasma membrane. Targeted disruption of Vlk leads to a defect in lung development and to delayed ossification of endochondral bone. Vlk(-/-) mice display neonatal lethality due to respiratory failure, with a suckling defect arising from a cleft palate. Our results demonstrate that Vlk is a novel vertebrate-specific PK that is involved in the regulation of the rate of protein export from the Golgi, thereby playing an important role in the formation of functional stroma by mesenchymal cells.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Protein Kinase A from bovine heart, ≥0.4 units/μg protein, lyophilized powder
Sigma-Aldrich
Protein Kinase Cζ isozyme human, ≥75% (SDS-PAGE), recombinant, expressed in baculovirus infected insect cells, buffered aqueous solution
Sigma-Aldrich
Protein kinase CβII isozyme human, >85% (SDS-PAGE), recombinant, expressed in baculovirus infected insect cells, buffered aqueous glycerol solution
Sigma-Aldrich
Protein Kinase Cδ isozyme human, >95% (SDS-PAGE), recombinant, expressed in baculovirus infected insect cells, buffered aqueous glycerol solution
Sigma-Aldrich
Protein kinase Cγ isozyme human, >95% (SDS-PAGE), recombinant, expressed in baculovirus infected insect cells, buffered aqueous glycerol solution
Sigma-Aldrich
Protein Kinase CβI isozyme human, ≥95% (SDS-PAGE), recombinant, expressed in baculovirus infected insect cells, buffered aqueous glycerol solution