• Home
  • Search Results
  • In vitro study of novel collagenase (XIAFLEX®) on Dupuytren's disease fibroblasts displays unique drug related properties.

In vitro study of novel collagenase (XIAFLEX®) on Dupuytren's disease fibroblasts displays unique drug related properties.

PloS one (2012-03-03)
Farhatullah Syed, Alexis N Thomas, Subir Singh, Venkatesh Kolluru, Susan G Emeigh Hart, Ardeshir Bayat
ABSTRACT

Dupuytren's disease (DD) is a benign, fibroproliferative disease of the palmar fascia, with excessive extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition and over-production of cytokines and growth factors, resulting in digital fixed flexion contractures limiting hand function and patient quality of life. Surgical fasciectomy is the gold standard treatment but is invasive and has associated morbidity without limiting disease recurrence. Injectable Collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCH)--Xiaflex®--is a novel, nonsurgical option with clinically proven in vivo reduction of DD contractures but with limited in vitro data demonstrating its cellular and molecular effects. The aim of this study was to delineate the effects of CCH on primary fibroblasts isolated from DD and non-DD anatomical sites (using RTCA, LDH, WST-1, FACS, qRT-PCR, ELISA and In-Cell Quantitative Western Blotting) to compare the efficacy of varying concentrations of Xiaflex® against a reagent grade Collagenase, Collagenase A. Results demonstrated that DD nodule and cord fibroblasts had greater proliferation than those from fat and skin. Xiaflex® exposure resulted in dose- and time-dependent inhibition of cellular spreading, attachment and proliferation, with cellular recovery after enzyme removal. Unlike Collagenase A, Xiaflex® did not cause apoptosis. Collagen expression patterns were significantly (p<0.05) different in DD fibroblasts across anatomical sites - the highest levels of collagen I and III were detected in DD nodule, with DD cord and fat fibroblasts demonstrating a smaller increase in both collagen expression relative to DD skin. Xiaflex® significantly (p<0.05) down-regulated ECM components, cytokines and growth factors in a dose-dependent manner. An in vitro scratch wound assay model demonstrated that, at low concentrations, Xiaflex® enabled a faster fibroblast reparatory migration into the wound, whereas, at high concentrations, this process was significantly (p<0.05) inhibited. This is the first report elucidating potential mechanisms of action of Xiaflex® on Dupuytren fibroblasts, offering a greater insight and a better understanding of its effect in DD.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, suitable for release of physiologically active rat hepatocytes, Type IV, 0.5-5.0 FALGPA units/mg solid, ≥125 CDU/mg solid
Sigma-Aldrich
Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, for general use, Type I, 0.25-1.0 FALGPA units/mg solid, ≥125 CDU/mg solid
Sigma-Aldrich
Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, suitable for release of physiologically active rat epididymal adipocytes, Type II, 0.5-5.0 FALGPA units/mg solid, ≥125 CDU/mg solid
Sigma-Aldrich
Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, release of rat epididymal adipocytes and hepatocytes tested (for methodology see Type II and Type IV), Type VIII, 0.5-5.0 FALGPA units/mg solid, ≥125 CDU/mg solid
Sigma-Aldrich
Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, Type IA, 0.5-5.0 FALGPA units/mg solid, ≥125 CDU/mg solid, For general use
Sigma-Aldrich
Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, release of physiologically active rat pancreatic islets tested, Type XI, 2-5 FALGPA units/mg solid, ≥800 CDU/mg solid
Sigma-Aldrich
Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, powder, Suitable for the digestion and isolation of physiologically active pancreatic islet cells, suitable for cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, lyophilized powder, ≥125 CDU/mg solid (CDU = collagen digestion units), 0.5-5.0 FALGPA units/mg solid
Sigma-Aldrich
Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, release of physiologically active rat pancreatic islets tested, Type V, ≥1 FALGPA units/mg solid, >125 CDU/mg solid
Sigma-Aldrich
Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, 0.2 μm filtered, release of physiologically active rat hepatocytes tested, Type IV-S, 0.5-5.0 FALGPA units/mg solid, ≥125 CDU/mg solid
Sigma-Aldrich
Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, high purity, purified by chromatography, Type VII, ≥4 FALGPA units/mg solid, lyophilized powder, ≥700 CDU/mg solid (CDU = collagen digestion units)
Sigma-Aldrich
Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, lyophilized powder (from 0.2μm filtered solution), 0.5-5.0 FALGPA units/mg solid, suitable for cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, lyophilized powder (from sterile-filtered solution), Suitable for digestion and isolation of physiologically active pancreatic islet cells, suitable for cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, 0.2 μm filtered, release of physiologically active rat epididymal adipocytes tested, Type II-S, 0.5-5.0 FALGPA units/mg solid
Sigma-Aldrich
Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, 0.2 μm filtered, for general use, Type I-S, 0.2-1.0 FALGPA units/mg solid, ≥125 CDU/mg solid
Sigma-Aldrich
Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, sterile; 0.2 μm filtered, Type IA-S, 0.5-5.0 FALGPA units/mg solid, ≥125 CDU/mg solid
Sigma-Aldrich
Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, 0.2 μm filtered, high purity, purified by chromatography, Type VII-S, ≥4 FALGPA units/mg solid, ≥700 CDU/mg solid (CDU = collagen digestion units)
Sigma-Aldrich
Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, Sigma Blend Type F, ≥2.0 FALGPA units/mg solid
Sigma-Aldrich
Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, Sigma Blend Type H, ≥1.0 FALGPA units/mg solid
Sigma-Aldrich
Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, powder, suitable for cell culture, ≥4 FALGPA units/mg solid, high purity, ≥700 CDU/mg solid (CDU = collagen digestion units)
Sigma-Aldrich
Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, 0.2 μm filtered, suitable for release of physiologically active rat pancreatic islets, Type V-S, ≥1 FALGPA units/mg solid, ≥125 CDU/mg solid
Sigma-Aldrich
Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, purified by chromatography, ≥0.25 FALGPA units/mg solid, ≥250 CDU/mg solid (CDU = collagen digestion units), lyophilized powder
Sigma-Aldrich
Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, Sigma Blend Type L, ≤1.0 FALGPA units/mg solid

Social Media

LinkedIn icon
Twitter icon
Facebook Icon
Instagram Icon

MilliporeSigma

Research. Development. Production.

We are a leading supplier to the global Life Science industry with solutions and services for research, biotechnology development and production, and pharmaceutical drug therapy development and production.

© 2021 Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Reproduction of any materials from the site is strictly forbidden without permission.