The complete amino acid sequences of two isoproteins of the factor V-activating enzyme (RVV-V) isolated from Vipera russelli (Russell's viper) venom were determined by sequencing S-pyridylethylated derivatives of the proteins and their peptide fragments generated by either chemical (cyanogen bromide and 2-(2-nitrophenylsulfenyl)-3-methyl-3-bromoindolenine) or enzymatic (trypsin, alpha-chymotrypsin, and lysyl endopeptidase) cleavages. Both enzymes, designated RVV-V alpha and RVV-V gamma, consist of 236 amino acid residues and have a N-linked oligosaccharide chain at Asn229. The six amino acid substitutions between RVV-V alpha and -V gamma are: Thr22(alpha)-Ala22(gamma), Gly29(alpha)-Ala29(gamma), Gln191(alpha)-Glu191(gamma), Ile192(alpha)-Met192(gamma), Gln193(alpha)-His193(gamma), and Asn224(alpha)-Ser224(gamma). The molecular weights were calculated as 26,182 for RVV-V alpha and 26,167 for RVV-V gamma. The sequences of the RVV-V isoproteins exhibited 62% identity with that of batroxobin, a thrombin-like enzyme present in Bothrops atrox venom, and 33% identity with that of human thrombin B chain. The most interesting difference between the structures of RVV-V and other trypsin-type serine proteases is that the conservative Ser214-Trp215-Gly216 sequence (chymotrypsinogen numbering), considered as the site of antiparallel beta-sheet formation between the protein substrate and most serine proteases, has been replaced by the corresponding sequence Ala-Gly-Gly.
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