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Genetic polymorphisms of CYP2C9 and CYP2C19 in the Beninese and Belgian populations.

British journal of clinical pharmacology (2003-11-18)
Aurel C Allabi, Jean-Luc Gala, Jean-Pierre Desager, Michel Heusterspreute, Yves Horsmans
ABSTRACT

To investigate the distribution of cytochrome P450 2C9 (CYP2C9) and 2C19 (CYP2C19) genotype frequencies in the Beninese and Belgian Caucasian populations. Beninese (n = 111) and Belgian (n = 121) were genotyped for CYP2C9*2, *3, *4, *5, and *11 as well as for CYP2C19*2 and*3. The distribution of alleles was: CYP2C9*1: 95.5 vs. 82.2% (P < 0.001); CYP2C9*2: 0 vs. 10% (P < 0.001); CYP2C9*3: 0 vs. 7.4% (P < 0.01); CYP2C9*4: both 0%; CYP2C9*5: 1.8 vs. 0% (P = 0.05); and CYP2C9*11: 2.7 vs. 0.4% (P < 0.05). The frequencies of the CYP2C19*2 allele were 13 vs. 9.1%, respectively. CYP2C19*3 was not detected in either population. The 95% confidence intervals for the differences of frequencies of CYP2C9*1, CYP2C9*2, CYP2C9*3, CYP2C9*4, CYP2C9*5, CYP2C9*11, CYP2C19*1, CYP2C19*2 and CYP2C19*3 between Belgian and Beninese were 7%, 19%; - 14%, - 6%; - 11%, - 4%; - 1%, 1%; 0%, 4%; 0%, 5%; - 10%, 2%; - 2%, 10%; - 1%; respectively. The distributions of CYP2C9 genotypes in the Beninese and Belgian individuals were: CYP2C9*1/*1: 91 vs. 67% (P < 0.00001); CYP2C9*1/*2: 0 vs. 18.2% (P < 0.0001); CYP2C9*1/*3: 0 vs. 11.6% (P < 0.001); CYP2C9*1/*5: 3.6 vs. 0% (P = 0.05); CYP2C9*1/*11: 5.4 vs. 0.8% (P = 0.05); CYP2C9*2/*3: 0 vs. 1.6% (NS); CYP2C9*3/*3: 0 vs. 0.8% (NS). The distributions of CYP2C19 genotypes between these ethnic groups were: CYP2C19*1/*1: 73.9 vs. 83.5% (NS); CYP2C19*1/*2: 26.1 vs. 14.9% (P < 0.05); CYP2C9*2/*2: 0 vs. 1.6% (NS). Differences of allele frequencies between Beninese and Belgian populations were statistically significant for CYP2C9*2, *3, *5 and *11, but not for CYP2C9*4 or for CYP2C19*2 and *3.