A true collagenase was isolated from the culture fluid of a marine bacterium which has been designated Vibrio B-30 (ATCC 21250). Collagenase production was obtained only in media containing collagen or certain degradation products of collagen. Partial purification on DEAE-cellulose and Sephadex G-200 columns produced active enzyme which was free of nonspecific proteases but which contained two collagenases. The two collagenases have the same apparent molecular size, and evidence is presented to support the theory that one collagenase is derived from the other. Vibrio B-30 collagenase appears to be a tetramer with a molecular weight of about 105 000 composed of two different subunits (mol wt 24 000 and 28 000). Some of the properties of the Vibrio collagenase are compared with those of Clostridium histolyticum collagenase. Molecular weights, subunit structures, specificity and mode of collagen hydrolysis, insensitivity to diisopropyl fluorophosphate and calf serum, and sensitivity to certain metal ion complexing agents and isopropyl alcohol are similar for the collagenases from both organisms. However, Vibrio B-30 collagenase and Clostridium collagenase differ immunologically and electrophoretically.
Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, release of rat epididymal adipocytes and hepatocytes tested (for methodology see Type II and Type IV), Type VIII, 0.5-5.0 FALGPA units/mg solid, ≥125 CDU/mg solid
Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, lyophilized powder (from 0.2 μm filtered solution), Suitable for digestion and isolation of physiologically active pancreatic islet cells, suitable for cell culture
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