A simple method for determining the enzymic hydrolysis parameters of lipid-like substrates and trilaurin assembled in monolayers at the water-air interface was suggested. At a surface pressure of 10 mN/m, the initial rates of lipolysis were found to be proportional to the decrease in area of the substrate monolayer caused by the enzymic hydrolysis in a single-compartment Langmuir balance. The kinetic parameters for the hydrolysis of trilaurin and three 1,3-dilaurylpseudoglycerides acetylated in position 2 with an amino acid (phenylalanine, leucine, or valine) catalyzed with lipase from Pseudomonas fluorescens were determined. Unlike models of enzymic hydrolysis that neglect the thickness of the substrate monolayer, our method allows the determination of kinetic parameters in standard dimensions. The values of kcat for the synthetic pseudoglycerides were found to be significantly higher than that for trilaurin, while the values of Km(app) were close. This may be due to the presence of positively charged primary amino groups in the molecules of pseudoglycerides.
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