Guanidination of the free amino groups of staphylococcal enterotoxin B with 3,5-dimethyl-1-guanylpyrazole converted 31-32 of 33 epsilon-amino groups and 30% of the N-terminal residue. This product, although markedly reduced in solubility, suffered no gross change in conformation and retained full biological activity. A derivative prepared by reaction with O-methylisourea with only one lysyl residue unaltered lost most of its emetic activity. Nitroguanidination with 3,5-dimethyl-1-nitroguanylpyrazole converted up to 28 of the epsilon-amino groups and essentially all of the N-terminus. This material was greatly reduced in ability to produce emesis and like the O-methylisourea prepared guanidinated enterotoxin, gave only a line of partial identity in double diffusion. The loss of activity is attributed to unfolding and it is concluded that the free amino groups of enterotoxin B do not critically participate in either its antigenic determinants or its active center for emesis.
Research. Development. Production.
We are a leading supplier to the global Life Science industry with solutions and services for research, biotechnology development and production, and pharmaceutical drug therapy development and production.