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  • Interaction of exogenous quinones with membranes of higher plant chloroplasts: modulation of quinone capacities as photochemical and non-photochemical quenchers of energy in Photosystem II during light-dark transitions.

Interaction of exogenous quinones with membranes of higher plant chloroplasts: modulation of quinone capacities as photochemical and non-photochemical quenchers of energy in Photosystem II during light-dark transitions.

Biochimica et biophysica acta (2003-05-27)
Nikolai G Bukhov, Govindachary Sridharan, Elena A Egorova, Robert Carpentier
ABSTRACT

Light modulation of the ability of three artificial quinones, 2,5-dibromo-3-methyl-6-isopropyl-p-benzoquinone (DBMIB), 2,6-dichloro-p-benzoquinone (DCBQ), and tetramethyl-p-benzoquinone (duroquinone), to quench chlorophyll (Chl) fluorescence photochemically or non-photochemically was studied to simulate the functions of endogenous plastoquinones during the thermal phase of fast Chl fluorescence induction kinetics. DBMIB was found to suppress by severalfold the basal level of Chl fluorescence (F(o)) and to markedly retard the light-induced rise of variable fluorescence (F(v)). After irradiation with actinic light, Chl fluorescence rapidly dropped down to the level corresponding to F(o) level in untreated thylakoids and then slowly declined to the initial level. DBMIB was found to be an efficient photochemical quencher of energy in Photosystem II (PSII) in the dark, but not after prolonged irradiation. Those events were owing to DBMIB reduction under light and its oxidation in the dark. At high concentrations, DCBQ exhibited quenching behaviours similar to those of DBMIB. In contrast, duroquinone demonstrated the ability to quench F(v) at low concentration, while F(o) was declined only at high concentrations of this artificial quinone. Unlike for DBMIB and DCBQ, quenched F(o) level was attained rapidly after actinic light had been turned off in the presence of high duroquinone concentrations. That finding evidenced that the capacity of duroquinone to non-photochemically quench excitation energy in PSII was maintained during irradiation, which is likely owing to the rapid electron transfer from duroquinol to Photosystem I (PSI). It was suggested that DBMIB and DCBQ at high concentration, on the one hand, and duroquinone, on the other hand, mimic the properties of plastoquinones as photochemical and non-photochemical quenchers of energy in PSII under different conditions. The first model corresponds to the conditions under which the plastoquinone pool can be largely reduced (weak electron release from PSII to PSI compared to PSII-driven electron flow from water under strong light and weak PSI photochemical capacity because of inactive electron transport on its reducing side), while the second one mimics the behaviour of the plastoquinone pool when it cannot be filled up with electrons (weak or moderate light and high photochemical competence of PSI).

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Duroquinone, Standard for quantitative NMR, TraceCERT®
Sigma-Aldrich
2,6-Dichloro-1,4-benzoquinone, 98%
Sigma-Aldrich
2,5-Dibromo-6-isopropyl-3-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone
Sigma-Aldrich
Duroquinone, 97%