Greater stability of liposome coatings and improved resolution of model steroids in capillary electrochromatography (CEC) were sought by adding small diamines (ethylenediamine, diaminopropane, bis-tris-propane, or N-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazine-N'-(2-ethanesulfonic acid, HEPES)) to the liposome solution before coating of fused silica capillaries. The phospholipid coatings consisted of 1 mM of 8:2 mol% phosphatidylcholine (PC)/phosphatidylserine (PS) and 5 mM of modifier in buffer solutions (acetate, phosphate, or Tris) at pH 4.0-7.4. The coating was based on a published procedure, and five steroids were used as neutral model analytes in evaluation of the coating. The results showed that under optimal conditions, the small linear diamines increased the packing density of anionic phospholipids, leading to improved separations. In addition, the choice of buffer for the liposome coating and separation appeared to influence the performance of the coatings. While buffers with amino groups take part in the phospholipid bilayer formation, buffers like phosphate may even have negative effect on coating formation. The factors affecting phospholipid coatings with diamines as modifiers are clarified.
Research. Development. Production.
We are a leading supplier to the global Life Science industry with solutions and services for research, biotechnology development and production, and pharmaceutical drug therapy development and production.