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Sequential determination of trace amounts of iron and copper in water samples by flow injection analysis with catalytic spectrophotometric detection.

Analytical sciences : the international journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry (2006-01-25)
Sarawut Lunvongsa, Tomonori Tsuboi, Shoji Motomizu
ABSTRACT

A simple flow injection analysis (FIA) method is described for the sequential determination of iron and copper. The detection method for iron and copper is based on their catalytic activities in the oxidation reaction of N,N-dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine (DPD) with hydrogen peroxide. The sequential determination of iron and copper can be carried out by injecting two sample plugs into the FIA system, sequentially. One injection does not contain triethylenetetramine (TETA), and is used for the sum of iron and copper concentration; the other which contains TETA is used only for the iron concentration. For iron determination, TETA is used as a masking agent of copper. The difference in peak height can be used for the calculation of copper concentration. Under the optimal conditions, the detection limits (3sigma) of 0.01 and 0.07 microg L(-1) were obtained for iron and copper, respectively. The proposed method can be applied to the determination of iron and copper in tap water and bottled-drinking mineral water samples. Good recoveries of the method, 98-103% for iron and 98-106% for copper, were achieved.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
N,N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine, 97%
Supelco
N,N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine, for spectrophotometric det. of SO42-, S2-, ≥97.0%
Millipore
N,N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine dihydrochloride, suitable for microbiology, ≥99.0%
Sigma-Aldrich
N,N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine dihydrochloride, suitable for peroxidase test, ≥99.0% (titration)
Sigma-Aldrich
N,N-Dimethyl-1,4-phenylenediamine oxalate, 98%
Sigma-Aldrich
N,N-Dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine sulfate salt, 98%