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Pressure effects on the alpha and alpha' relaxations in polymethylphenylsiloxane.

The Journal of chemical physics (2006-03-18)
H Kriegs, J Gapinski, G Meier, M Paluch, S Pawlus, A Patkowski
ABSTRACT

In some polymers, in addition to the usual structural alpha relaxation, a slower alpha' relaxation is observed with a non-Arrhenius temperature dependence. In order to understand better the molecular origin of this alpha' relaxation in poly(methylphenylsiloxane) (PMPS) we have studied, for the first time, the pressure dependence of its relaxation time, together with the usual temperature dependence, by means of dynamic light scattering (DLS). For the same material the alpha relaxation was also studied by means of DLS and dielectric spectroscopy (DS) in broad temperature and pressure ranges. We find that the temperature dependence of both alpha and alpha' relaxation times, at all pressures studied, can be described by a double Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann (VFT) law. The pressure dependence of the characteristic temperatures Tg (glass transition temperature) and T0 (Vogel temperature) as well as the activation volumes for both alpha and alpha' processes are very similar, indicating, that both relaxation processes originate from similar local molecular dynamics. Additionally, for both alpha and alpha' relaxations the combined temperature and pressure dependences of the relaxation times can be described using a parameter Gamma=rhon/T with the same value of the exponent n.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Silicone oil AR 20, viscosity ~20 mPa.s,   neat(25 °C)
Sigma-Aldrich
Silicone oil AP 100, viscosity ~100 mPa.s,   neat(25 °C)
Sigma-Aldrich
Poly(methylphenylsiloxane), viscosity 450-550 cSt 
Sigma-Aldrich
Silicone oil AR 200, viscosity ~200 mPa.s,   neat(25 °C)
Sigma-Aldrich
Silicone oil AP 1000, viscosity ~1000 mPa.s,   neat(25 °C)

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