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Photolytic (UVC) and photocatalyic (UVC/TiO2) decomposition of pyridines.

Journal of hazardous materials (2007-06-05)
David R Stapleton, Dionissios Mantzavinos, Maria Papadaki
ABSTRACT

The degradation of 2-chloropyridine (2-CPY) and its degradation primary product 2-hydroxypyridine (2-HPY) was studied by means of ultraviolet (UV) irradiation at 254nm. Photolytic and photocatalytic experiments were conducted on 2-CPY and 2-HPY aqueous solutions in a batch reactor with internal recycle in laminar and turbulent conditions at 50 degrees C in a closed but not airtight system with and without additional aeration, at solution ambient pH and at controlled pH conditions, with use and in the absence of radical scavenger. The solution volume was 0.4L and initial substrate concentrations were approximately 2.6mmol/L (0.25-0.3g/L depending on the substrate). Where applicable 1g/L TiO(2) (P-25) was used, suspended in the liquid in a form of turbulent slurry or using a glass tube around the UV-lamp on which a fixed TiO(2) catalytic layer had been deposited. At the aforementioned conditions 2-CPY readily degrades photolytically, the catalytic path having very little influence. In all cases 2-CPY produces 2-HPY which further degrades to other products. Aeration, pH and the presence of catalyst and/or radical scavengers do not affect the rate of decomposition of 2-CPY, but have a strong influence on the further decomposition of the produced 2-HPY. 2-HPY decomposition proceeds both catalytically and photolytically following oxygen dependent and oxygen independent pathways.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
2-Chloropyridine, 99%