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Quantitative determination of some food dyes using digital processing of images obtained by thin-layer chromatography.

Journal of chromatography. A (2008-03-21)
Florin Soponar, Augustin Cătălin Moţ, Costel Sârbu
ABSTRACT

A high-performance thin-layer chromatographic method combined with image processing of scanned chromatograms was developed for the determination of some food dyes (tartrazine, azorubine and Sunset Yellow) in different products. Porous silica gel with 3-aminopropyl functional groups attached to the matrix was used as stationary phase and a mixture of isopropanol, diethyl ether and ammonia (2:2:1, v/v/v) formed the mobile phase. Quantitative evaluation was performed using special-purpose software. The linearity of the analytical procedure was sustained by the numerical parameters such as correlation coefficient (0.9952-0.9980) and standard error of determination (0.03-0.20). The limits of detection were found to be within the range of 5.21-9.34 ng/spot, and the limits of quantification between 10.21 and 18.09 ng/spot. Recovery studies performed on two levels of concentration gave values between 96.39 and 102.76%. These results show that the regression approach provides rigorous and realistic detection and quantification limits and as a consequence can be routinely applied to other analytical systems. This method does not require expensive analytical instruments compared with classical densitometry and provides a reliable quantitative evaluation with minimum of time.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Sunset Yellow FCF, Dye content 90 %
Supelco
Sunset Yellow FCF, analytical standard

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