MilliporeSigma

Microchip analysis of plant glucosinolates.

Electrophoresis (2008-05-01)
Maged Fouad, Mohammad Jabasini, Noritada Kaji, Kazuyoshi Terasaka, Manabu Tokeshi, Hajime Mizukami, Yoshinobu Baba
ABSTRACT

We describe a new and selective analytical method for the separation and quantitation of plant glucosinolates. The new method, which utilizes microchip CE (micro-CE) with fluorescence detection, circumvents the multistep procedures characteristic of conventional methods. Glucosinolates form charge transfer complexes with the xanthene dyes phloxine-B and eosin-B. The glucosinolates-phloxine-B complex cannot be excited at 470 nm. Thus, the decrease in peak intensity of phloxine-B after complex formation is used to quantitatively measure total glucosinolates in Arabidopsis thaliana seeds. For qualitative analysis, complex formation with eosin-B is used. The sensitivity of eosin-B detection at excitation/emission 470 nm/540 nm was low. However, sensitivity increased following complex formation with sinigrin (> or =3 microg/mL). A batch-learning, self-organizing map was applied to visualize and organize analytical data into 2-D matrix with similar and related data clustered together or near each other. This organized matrix was used to optimize electrophoretic conditions for the analysis. This study suggests potential applications of micro-CE in plant metabolomics analyses without use of labeling fluorophores.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Phloxine B, antibacterial fluorescent dye
Sigma-Aldrich
Phloxine B, Dye content ≥80 %, certified by the Biological Stain Commission