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Encapsulation of methyl and ethyl salicylates by beta-cyclodextrin HPLC, UV-vis and molecular modeling studies.

Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis (2008-07-25)
Mauricio Filippa, Matías I Sancho, Estela Gasull
ABSTRACT

The complexation of methyl salicylate (MS) and ethyl salicylate (ES), non-steroidal analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antirrheumatic drugs with beta-cyclodextrin (betaCD) has been studied from thermodynamic and structural points of view. The complexation with betaCD has been investigated using reversed-phase liquid chromatography. Retention behavior has been analyzed on a reverse-phase column Luna 18(2) 5 microm. The mobile-phase was methanol:water in different ratios (55:45 to 70:30) in which betaCD (1-9 mM) was incorporated as a mobile-phase additive. The decrease in retention times with increasing concentrations of betaCD enables the determination of the apparent stability constant of the complexes. Values at 30 degrees C with 55% methanol were K(MS:betaCD): 15.84 M(-1) and K(ES:betaCD): 12.73 M(-1) for MS and ES, respectively. The apparent stability constants decrease as the polarity of the solvent decreases. The low solubility of MS and ES in aqueous solution has been improved by complexation with betaCD (1-9 mM). The stability constants of the complexes obtained from the phase-solubility diagrams using a UV-vis spectrophotometric method were K(MS:betaCD): 229 M(-1) and K(ES:betaCD): 166 M(-1). In addition, semi-empirical quantum mechanics calculations using AM1 and PM3 methods in vacuum were performed. The energetically favorable inclusion structures were identified and the most favorable orientation for the inclusion process was found to be the head-down orientation for both complexes. Enthalpy for encapsulation processes was found to be favorable (DeltaH degrees <0), while entropy (DeltaS degrees <0) and Gibbs free energy were unfavorable (DeltaG degrees >0). By means of HPLC and UV-vis measurements and quantum mechanics calculations, it was found that MS and ES form a 1:1 inclusion complex with betaCD. The theoretical results are in agreement with the experimental parameters associated with the encapsulation process.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Ethyl salicylate, 99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Ethyl salicylate, ≥99%, FCC, FG