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Simultaneous removal of heavy-metal ions in wastewater samples using nano-alumina modified with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine.

Journal of hazardous materials (2010-06-15)
Abbas Afkhami, Mohammad Saber-Tehrani, Hasan Bagheri
ABSTRACT

2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH) immobilized on sodium dodecyl sulfate coated nano-alumina was developed for the removal of metal cations Pb(II), Cd(II), Cr(III), Co(II), Ni(II) and Mn(II) from water samples. The research results displayed that adsorbent has the highest adsorption capacity for Pb(II), Cr(III) and Cd(II) in ions mixture system. Optimal experimental conditions including pH, adsorbent dosage and contact time have been established. Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models were applied to analyze the experimental data. The best interpretation for the experimental data was given by the Freundlich adsorption isotherm equation for Mn(II), Pb(II), Cr(III) and Cd(II) ions and by Langmuir isotherm equation for Ni(II) and Co(II) ions. Desorption experiments by elution of the adsorbent with a mixture of nitric acid and methanol show that the modified alumina nanoparticles could be reused without significant losses of its initial properties even after three adsorption-desorption cycles. Thus, modified nano-alumina with DNPH is favorable and useful for the removal of these metal ions, and the high adsorption capacity makes it a good promising candidate material for Pb(II),Cr(III) and Cd(II) removal.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine, reagent grade, 97%
Sigma-Aldrich
Aluminum oxide, nanopowder, <50 nm particle size (TEM)
Supelco
2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine hydrochloric acid solution, ~0.005 M in ethanol, for TLC derivatization
Sigma-Aldrich
Aluminum oxide, nanoparticles, 30-60 nm particle size (TEM), 20 wt. % in H2O