Chlorogenic acid (5-caffeoyl quinic acid (CQA)) extracted from Hydrangea macrophylla (44%, w/w) with 98% purity, was acylated with palmitic acid by Novozym 435 to yield mono-acylated CQA. Acylation of CQA was achieved in 2-methyl-2-butanol at 60°C, and yielded two mono-acylated products: a major product acylated at the C-4 of the quinic moiety (4-O-palmitoyl chlorogenic acid) and a minor product acylated at the C-3 (3-O-palmitoyl chlorogenic acid). The bioconversions obtained in 7 days ranged from 14 to 60% and were influenced by the molar ratio of palmitic acid/CQA, which ranged from 10 to 80. The regioselectivity (4-O-palmitoyl/3-O-palmitoyl ratio) of the reaction was also affected by the molar ratio, and ranged from 90 to 70%. The scavenging activities against 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl radicals demonstrated that these palmitoyl CQA derivatives are associated with antioxidant activity (70% vs CQA).