The magnetic resonance imaging contrast agent, the so-called Endorem colloidal suspension on the basis of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (mean diameter of 5.5 nm) coated with dextran, were characterized on the basis of several measurement techniques to determine the parameters of their most important physical and chemical properties. It is assumed that each nanoparticle is consisted of Fe3O4 monodomain and it was observed that its oxidation to gamma-Fe2O3 occurs at 253.1 degrees C. The Mössbauer spectroscopy have shown a superparamagnetic behavior of the magnetic nanoparticles. The Magnetic Resonance results show an increase of the relaxation times T1, T2, and T2* with decreasing concentration of iron oxide nanoparticles. The relaxation effects of SPIONs contrast agents are influenced by their local concentration as well as the applied field strength and the environment in which these agents interact with surrounding protons. The proton relaxation rates presented a linear behavior with concentration. The measured values of thermo-optic coefficient dn/dT, thermal conductivity kappa, optical birefringence delta n0, nonlinear refractive index n2, nonlinear absorption beta' and third-order nonlinear susceptibility |chi(3)| are also reported.
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