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Genotoxicity testing of two lead-compounds in somatic cells of Drosophila melanogaster.

Mutation research (2011-06-08)
Erico R Carmona, Amadeu Creus, Ricard Marcos
ABSTRACT

The in vivo genotoxic activity of two inorganic lead compounds was studied in Drosophila melanogaster by measurement of two different genetic endpoints. We used the wing-spot test and the comet assay. The comet assay was conducted with larval haemocytes. The results from the wing-spot test showed that neither lead chloride, PbCl(2), nor lead nitrate, Pb(NO(3))(2), were able to induce significant increases in the frequency of mutant spots. In addition, the combined treatments with gamma-radiation and PbCl(2) or Pb(NO(3))(2) did not show significant variations in the frequency of the three categories of mutant spots recorded, compared with the frequency induced by gamma-radiation alone. This seems to indicate that the lead compounds tested do not interact with the repair of the genetic damage induced by ionizing radiation. When the lead compounds were evaluated in the in vivo comet assay with haemocytes, Pb(NO(3))(2) was effective in inducing significant increases of DNA damage with a direct dose-response pattern. These results confirm the usefulness of the comet assay with haemocytes as an in vivo model and support the assumption that there is a genotoxic risk associated with lead exposure.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Lead(II) nitrate, ACS reagent, ≥99.0%
Sigma-Aldrich
Lead(II) chloride, powder, 98%
Sigma-Aldrich
Lead(II) nitrate, 99.999% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Lead(II) chloride, 99.999% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Lead(II) nitrate, ≥99.95% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Lead(II) chloride, AnhydroBeads, −10 mesh, 99.999%