• Home
  • Search Results
  • Ab initio study of excited state electronic circular dichroism. Two prototype cases: methyl oxirane and R-(+)-1,1'-bi(2-naphthol).

Ab initio study of excited state electronic circular dichroism. Two prototype cases: methyl oxirane and R-(+)-1,1'-bi(2-naphthol).

The Journal of chemical physics (2011-07-05)
Antonio Rizzo, Olav Vahtras
ABSTRACT

A computational approach to the calculation of excited state electronic circular dichroism (ESECD) spectra of chiral molecules is discussed. Frequency dependent quadratic response theory is employed to compute the rotatory strength for transitions between excited electronic states, by employing both a magnetic gauge dependent and a (velocity-based) magnetic gauge independent approach. Application is made to the lowest excited states of two prototypical chiral molecules, propylene oxide, also known as 1,2-epoxypropane or methyl oxirane, and R-(+)-1,1'-bi(2-naphthol), or BINOL. The dependence of the rotatory strength for transitions between the lowest three excited states of methyl oxirane upon the quality and extension of the basis set is analyzed, by employing a hierarchy of correlation consistent basis sets. Once established that basis sets of at least triple zeta quality, and at least doubly augmented, are sufficient to ensure sufficiently converged results, at least at the Hartree-Fock self-consistent field (HF-SCF) level, the rotatory strengths for all transitions between the lowest excited electronic states of methyl oxirane are computed and analyzed, employing HF-SCF, and density functional theory (DFT) electronic structure models. For DFT, both the popular B3LYP and its recently highly successful CAM-B3LYP extension are exploited. The strong dependence of the spectra upon electron correlation is highlighted. A HF-SCF and DFT study is carried out also for BINOL, a system where excited states show the typical pairing structure arising from the interaction of the two monomeric moieties, and whose conformational changes following photoexcitation were studied recently with via time-resolved CD.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
(±)-Propylene oxide, ReagentPlus®, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
2-Naphthol, 99%
Sigma-Aldrich
(±)-Propylene oxide, puriss. p.a., ≥99.5% (GC)
Supelco
(±)-Propylene oxide, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
2-Naphthol, 98%
Sigma-Aldrich
2-Naphthol, fluorescence indicator, ≥99.0%
Sigma-Aldrich
2-Naphthol, BioXtra, ≥99.0% (GC)