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Evaluation of genotoxic and oxidative effects in workers exposed to jet propulsion fuel.

International archives of occupational and environmental health (2011-07-15)
Onur Erdem, Ahmet Sayal, Ayşe Eken, Cemal Akay, Ahmet Aydın
ABSTRACT

Jet fuel is a common occupational exposure risk among military and civilian populations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate genotoxic and oxidative effects in workers occupational exposure to jet propulsion fuel (JP-8). In this study, sister-chromatid exchange (SCE), high frequency of SCE cells (HFCs), and micronuclei (MN) were determined for 43 workers exposed to JP-8 and 38 control subjects. We measured the antioxidant enzyme activities including that of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), and catalase (CAT). The levels of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) were also studied. Urinary 1- and 2-naphthol excretion was used as a biomarker of occupational exposure to JP-8. The results obtained from cytogenetic analysis show a statistically significant increase in frequency of SCE in the exposed workers when compared to controls (P < 0.05). Interestingly, the mean value of the frequency (%o) of MN and HFCs for workers and controls did not show any statistical differences (P > 0.05). Oxidative stress parameters were not statistically different between exposed and control groups except for TBARS levels. Urinary 1-and 2-naphthol levels of exposed workers were found to be significantly higher than those of control subjects. Occupational exposure to JP-8 resulted in no significant genotoxic and oxidative effects, while smoking is the principal confounding factor for the some parameters. To understand the genotoxic and oxidative effects of JP-8 exposure, further studies should be planned to find out whether human populations may be at increased risk for cancer because of the exposures related to occupation and lifestyle.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
2-Naphthol, 99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Kerosene, reagent grade, low odor
Sigma-Aldrich
Kerosene, purum
Sigma-Aldrich
2-Naphthol, 98%
Sigma-Aldrich
2-Naphthol, fluorescence indicator, ≥99.0%
Sigma-Aldrich
2-Naphthol, BioXtra, ≥99.0% (GC)