Posttranslational modification (PTM) of proteins, particularly phosphorylation, is a key element in the regulation of cell functions. In many signal transduction processes, PTM is a pivotal step. Various analytical methods have been proposed for the identification of phosphoproteins; however, most of these methods require sophisticated equipment. Here we present an easily applicable method of phosphoprotein enrichment. This method is based on single-step precipitation by lanthanum chloride and allows subsequent protein identification by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). The method proved its suitability for the isolation of phosphoproteins from frozen tissue and cultured cells samples after cell lysis in various buffer systems (urea/thiourea and EGTA/EDTA). The tests revealed that the isolation of phosphoproteins can be achieved with high efficiency even from complex protein mixtures. Our results indicate that lanthanum-based enrichment of phosphoproteins can be a useful tool in phosphoproteomic studies.