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  • Oxidative modification of rat sulfotransferase 1A1 activity in hepatic tissue slices correlates with effects on the purified enzyme.

Oxidative modification of rat sulfotransferase 1A1 activity in hepatic tissue slices correlates with effects on the purified enzyme.

Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals (2011-11-02)
Jagadeesha K Dammanahalli, Michael W Duffel
ABSTRACT

Mammalian cytosolic sulfotransferases (SULTs) catalyze the sulfation of xenobiotics as well as numerous endogenous molecules. The major aryl (phenol) SULT in rat liver, rSULT1A1, has been used extensively as a model enzyme for understanding the catalytic function of SULTs. Previous studies showed that purified rSULT1A1 displays significant catalytic changes in the presence of GSSG and other oxidants. In the present study, the effects of diamide [1,1'-azobis(N,N-dimethylformamide)] and tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP) on the activity of rSULT1A1 in rat hepatic slices were compared with the effects of these oxidants on a homogeneous preparation of the enzyme. Precision-cut hepatic slices were incubated with 10 μM 7-hydroxycoumarin (7-HC) in the presence of varied concentrations of either diamide or TBHP. Analysis of the 7-hydroxycoumarin sulfate released into the incubation medium indicated that both oxidants significantly increased the sulfation of 7-HC, and this occurred at optimal concentrations of 5 and 10 μM, respectively. Cellular GSH and GSSG levels in the hepatic slices were not significantly altered from control values at these concentrations of diamide and TBHP. Exposure of homogeneous rSULT1A1 to diamide or TBHP also increased the rate of sulfation of 7-HC, although the optimal concentrations of diamide and TBHP were lower (50- and 100-fold, respectively) than those required for effects with the hepatic slices. These results indicate that both diamide and TBHP may modify the rSULT1A1 in intact cells in a manner similar to that observed with the homogeneous purified enzyme.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Umbelliferone, 99%
Supelco
Umbelliferone, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
Umbelliferone, suitable for fluorescence indicator, ≥98.0% (HPLC)