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Molecular simulation of hydrophobin adsorption at an oil-water interface.

Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids (2012-05-18)
David L Cheung
ABSTRACT

Hydrophobins are small, amphiphilic proteins expressed by strains of filamentous fungi. They fulfill a number of biological functions, often related to adsorption at hydrophobic interfaces, and have been investigated for a number of applications in materials science and biotechnology. In order to understand the biological function and applications of these proteins, a microscopic picture of the adsorption of these proteins at interfaces is needed. Using molecular dynamics simulations with a chemically detailed coarse-grained potential, the behavior of typical hydrophobins at the water-octane interface is studied. Calculation of the interfacial adsorption strengths indicates that the adsorption is essentially irreversible, with adsorption strengths of the order of 100 k(B)T (comparable to values determined for synthetic nanoparticles but significantly larger than small molecule surfactants and biomolecules). The protein structure at the interface is unchanged at the interface, which is consistent with the biological function of these proteins. Comparison of native proteins with pseudoproteins that consist of uniform particles shows that the surface structure of these proteins has a large effect on the interfacial adsorption strengths, as does the flexibility of the protein.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Octane, anhydrous, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Octane, reagent grade, 98%
Supelco
Octane, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
Octane, puriss. p.a., ≥99.0% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Octane, electronic grade, ≥99.999% metals basis, ≥99% (CP)

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