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Effect of estrus synchronization treatment after luteolysis on Holstein heifers as embryo transfer recipients.

Animal science journal = Nihon chikusan Gakkaiho (2012-07-11)
Tatsuyuki Yoshida, Taro Sato, Koji Chiba, Itaru Yoshimura, Masahiro Osada, Konosuke Okada, Hiroki Furuta, Akihiko Ohta, Hitoshi Ushijima
ABSTRACT

This study was designed to evaluate the effect of estrus synchronization treatments on recipient heifers for embryo transfer (ET). Holstein heifers were separated into the following three groups: (i) an administration of 50 µg GnRH (gonadotropin-releasing hormone) analog was given to heifers at a random stage of the estrus cycle, followed 7 days later by two administrations of 7.5 mg prostaglandin F2 alfa analog (PG) as control; (ii) another administration of 100 µg GnRH was given to the control group at 48 h after the administration of PG as the second GnRH group; and (iii) an administration of 0.75 mg estradiol benzoate (E2) was given to the control group at 24 h after the administration of PG as the E2 group. Each method caused estrus synchronization. Fresh embryos were nonsurgically transferred into the suitable recipients that had a functional corpora lutea (CL) 7 days after estrus. The E2 group showed a significantly higher (P < 0.01) rate of estrus synchronization (98.9%) at 1-3 days after PG administration and the final pregnancy rate of the E2 group (50.6%) was also significantly higher than the other groups (37.1%, P < 0.05 and 30.9%, P < 0.01, respectively). These findings demonstrate that E2 administration 24 h after PG protocol is effective for estrus synchronization of Holstein heifers, thus improving the productivity of ET.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
β-Estradiol 3-benzoate, ≥97%
Supelco
β-Estradiol 3-benzoate, VETRANAL®, analytical standard