Multiparticulate floating drug delivery systems have proven potential as controlled-release gastroretentive drug delivery systems that avoid the "all or none" gastric emptying nature of single-unit floating dosage forms. An objective of the presence investigation was to develop calcium silicate (CaSi)/calcium alginate (Ca-Alg)/hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) mucoadhesive-floating beads that provide time- and site-specific drug release of alfuzosin hydrochloride (Alf). Beads were prepared by simultaneous internal and external gelation method utilizing 3(2) factorial design as an experimental design; with two main factors evaluated for their influence on the prepared beads; the concentration of CaSi as floating aid (X (1)) and the percentage of HPMC as viscosity enhancer and mucoadhesive polymer (X (2)), each of them was tested in three levels. Developed formulations were evaluated for yield, entrapment efficiency, particle size, surface topography, and buoyancy. Differential scanning calorimetry, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, in vitro drug release, as well as in vitro mucoadhesion using rat stomach mucosal membrane were also conducted. Percentage yield and entrapment efficiency ranged from 57.03% to 78.51% and from 49.78% to 83.26%, respectively. Statistical analysis using ANOVA proved that increasing the concentration of either CaSi or HPMC significantly increased the beads yield. Both CaSi and HPMC concentrations were found to significantly affect Alf release from the beads. Additionally, higher CaSi concentration significantly increased the beads diameter while HPMC concentration showed significant positive effect on the beads mucoadhesive properties. CaSi/Ca-Alg/HPMC beads represent simple floating-mucoadhesive gastroretentive system that could be useful in chronopharmacotherapy of benign prostatic hyperplasia.