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Quartz crystal microbalance analysis of DNA-templated calcium phosphate mineralization.

Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids (2012-07-27)
Sunaro C Ngourn, Hillary A Butts, Alexander R Petty, Jamie E Anderson, Aren E Gerdon
ABSTRACT

A quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) sensor was developed for the quantitation of calcium phosphate mineralization and the assessment of DNA as a template molecule. Inherent advantages of QCM, such as nanogram sensitivity, temporal resolution, surface-based measurements, and flow capabilities, were leveraged in the design of this sensor, and in-line fluidic mixing was used to control precursor reaction. This research shows that DNA, a highly programmable anionic polymer, is able to template and control mineralization of calcium phosphate, with nucleation occurring in less than 15 min and initial rates ranging from 4 to 8 ng/min. FT-IR measurements show mineralized material to be calcium phosphate resembling hydroxyapatite (HAP) when a DNA template is used. DNA is a promising mineralization template, and the QCM proves to be a dynamic technique for a broad range of heterogeneous mineralization experiments in complement to classic, diffusion-limited, end-point analysis techniques.

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