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Recognition of endoscopic diagnosis in differentiated-type early gastric cancer by flexible spectral imaging color enhancement with indigo carmine.

Digestion (2012-08-15)
O Dohi, N Yagi, T Wada, N Yamada, N Bito, S Yamada, Y Gen, N Yoshida, K Uchiyama, T Ishikawa, T Takagi, O Handa, H Konishi, N Wakabayashi, S Kokura, Y Naito, T Yoshikawa
ABSTRACT

To evaluate the usefulness of flexible spectral imaging color enhancement with indigo carmine (I-FICE) in early gastric cancer (EGC) demarcation. The study participants were 29 patients with differentiated-type EGC. The endoscope was fixed and images of the same area of EGC demarcations in each lesion were obtained using four different methods (WLE, flexible spectral imaging color enhancement (FICE), CE, and I-FICE). FICE mode at R 550 nm (Gain: 2), G 500 nm (Gain: 4), and B 470 nm (Gain: 4) was used. Four endoscopists ranked the images obtained by each method on the basis of the ease of recognition of demarcation using a 4-point system. We calculated the standard deviation of pixel values based on L*, a*, and b* color spaces in the demarcation region (Lab-SD score). The median ranking score for I-FICE images was significantly higher than that obtained from the other methods. Further, the average Lab-SD score was significantly higher for I-FICE images than for images obtained by the other methods. There was a good correlation between the ranking score and Lab-SD score. EGC demarcations were most easily recognized both subjectively and objectively using I-FICE image, followed by CE, FICE and WLE images.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Indigo carmine, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
Indigo carmine, certified by the Biological Stain Commission, Dye content 85 %
Sigma-Aldrich
Indigo carmine, for microscopy (Bact., Hist.), indicator (pH 11.5-14.0)