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Isolation and characterization of a lipopeptide bioemulsifier produced by Pseudomonas nitroreducens TSB.MJ10 isolated from a mangrove ecosystem.

Bioresource technology (2012-09-04)
Trelita de Sousa, Saroj Bhosle
ABSTRACT

Pseudomonas nitroreducens TSB.MJ10 exhibiting growth and bioemulsifier production with 0.5% sodium benzoate as the sole carbon source was isolated from a mangrove ecosystem in the vicinity of a petroleum pump. The bioemulsifier is a lipopeptide that is stable over a pH range of 5-11 and a temperature range of 20-90°C and showed emulsifying activity in the presence of relatively high NaCl concentrations (up to 25%). The bioemulsifier formed stable emulsions with aliphatic (hexadecane, n-heptane, cyclohexane), aromatic (xylene, benzene, toluene) and petroleum (gasoline, diesel, kerosene, crude oil) compounds. It exhibited a maximum emulsification activity with weathered crude oil (97%) and was capable of transforming the rheological behavior of the pseudoplastic to a Newtonian fluid. The results reveal the potential of the bioemulsifier for use in bioremediation of hydrocarbons in marine environments and in enhanced oil recovery.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Sodium benzoate, Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium benzoate, ReagentPlus®, 99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium benzoate, BioXtra, ≥99.5%
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium benzoate, puriss., meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, FCC, E211, 99.0-100.5% (calc. to the dried substance), powder
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium benzoate, purum p.a., ≥99.0% (NT)