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Phytochemical composition and antimicrobial activities of the essential oils and organic extracts from Pelargonium graveolens growing in Tunisia.

Lipids in health and disease (2012-12-12)
Anis Ben Hsouna, Naceur Hamdi
ABSTRACT

Pelargonium graveolens (P. graveolens) L. is an aromatic and medicinal plant belonging to the geraniacea family. The chemical compositions of the essential oil as well as the in vitro antimicrobial activities were investigated. The GC-MS analysis of the essential oil revealed 42 compounds. Linallol L, Citronellol, Geraniol, 6-Octen-1-ol, 3,7-dimethyl, formate and Selinene were identified as the major components. The tested oil and organic extracts exhibited a promising antimicrobial effect against a panel of microorganisms with diameter inhibition zones ranging from 12 to 34 mm and MICs values from 0.039 to 10 mg/ml. The investigation of the phenolic content showed that EtOAc, MeOH and water extracts had the highest phenolic contents. Overall, results presented here suggest that the essential oil and organic extracts of P. graveolens possesses antimicrobial and properties, and is therefore a potential source of active ingredients for food and pharmaceutical industry.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Citronellol, mixture of isomers, natural, ≥95%, FG
Supelco
(±)-β-Citronellol, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
cis-3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-ol, 97%
Sigma-Aldrich
Citronellol, ≥95%, FCC, FG
Sigma-Aldrich
cis-3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-ol, ≥97%, FCC, FG
Sigma-Aldrich
β-Citronellol, 95%
Sigma-Aldrich
Geraniol, ≥97%, FCC, FG
Sigma-Aldrich
Geraniol, natural, ≥97%, FG
Sigma-Aldrich
Geraniol, 98%
Sigma-Aldrich
(S)-(−)-β-Citronellol, ≥97%
Sigma-Aldrich
(R)-(+)-β-Citronellol, 97%
Supelco
(−)-β-Citronellol, analytical standard
Supelco
Geraniol, analytical standard