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  • Deposition and release kinetics of nano-TiO2 in saturated porous media: effects of solution ionic strength and surfactants.

Deposition and release kinetics of nano-TiO2 in saturated porous media: effects of solution ionic strength and surfactants.

Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987) (2012-12-19)
Itzel G Godinez, Christophe J G Darnault, Amid P Khodadoust, Dorin Bogdan
ABSTRACT

The aggregation, transport and deposition kinetics (i.e. attachment and release) of TiO(2) nanoparticles (nano-TiO(2)) were investigated as a function of ionic strength and the presence of anionic (sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate, SDBS) and non-ionic (Triton X-100) surfactants in 100% critical micelle concentration (CMC). The electrolyte concentration of the suspensions dictated the kinetic stability of nano-TiO(2) thus influencing the transport and retention of the nanoaggregates in the saturated porous medium. With increasing ionic strength, the interaction between approaching nano-TiO(2) and nano-TiO(2) already deposited onto collectors surfaces seemed to be more favorable than the interaction between approaching nano-TiO(2) and bare collectors surfaces. The abrupt and gradual reduction in electrolyte concentration during the flushing cycles of the column experiments induced the release of previously deposited nano-TiO(2) suggesting attachment of nano-TiO(2) through secondary energy minimum.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Octoxinol 10, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard
Sigma-Aldrich
Triton X-305 solution, 70% in H2O
Sigma-Aldrich
Triton X-102
Sigma-Aldrich
Triton X-100 solution, BioUltra, for molecular biology, ~10% in H2O
Sigma-Aldrich
Triton X-100, laboratory grade
Sigma-Aldrich
Triton X-100, for molecular biology
Sigma-Aldrich
Triton X-100, BioXtra
Sigma-Aldrich
Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid solution, 70 wt. % in isopropanol
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate, technical grade
Sigma-Aldrich
Triton X-100, peroxide- and carbonyl-free
Sigma-Aldrich
Triton X-45
Supelco
Sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate, Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material