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Prognostic model for predicting survival of patients with metastatic urothelial cancer treated with cisplatin-based chemotherapy.

Journal of the National Cancer Institute (2013-02-16)
Andrea B Apolo, Irina Ostrovnaya, Susan Halabi, Alexia Iasonos, George K Philips, Jonathan E Rosenberg, Jamie Riches, Eric J Small, Matthew I Milowsky, Dean F Bajorin
ABSTRACT

A prognostic model that predicts overall survival (OS) for metastatic urothelial cancer (MetUC) patients treated with cisplatin-based chemotherapy was developed, validated, and compared with a commonly used Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) risk-score model. Data from 7 protocols that enrolled 308 patients with MetUC were pooled. An external multi-institutional dataset was used to validate the model. The primary measurement of predictive discrimination was Harrell's c-index, computed with 95% confidence interval (CI). The final model included four pretreatment variables to predict OS: visceral metastases, albumin, performance status, and hemoglobin. The Harrell's c-index was 0.67 for the four-variable model and 0.64 for the MSKCC risk-score model, with a prediction improvement for OS (the U statistic and its standard deviation were used to calculate the two-sided P = .002). In the validation cohort, the c-indices for the four-variable and the MSKCC risk-score models were 0.63 (95% CI = 0.56 to 0.69) and 0.58 (95% CI = 0.52 to 0.65), respectively, with superiority of the four-variable model compared with the MSKCC risk-score model for OS (the U statistic and its standard deviation were used to calculate the two-sided P = .02).

MATERIALS
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Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Ifosfamide, ≥98%