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Molecular dynamics and energy landscape of decanethiolates in self-assembled monolayers on Au(111) studied by scanning tunneling microscopy.

Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids (2013-02-21)
Kai Sotthewes, Hairong Wu, Avijit Kumar, G Julius Vancso, Peter M Schön, Harold J W Zandvliet
ABSTRACT

The energetics and dynamics of the various phases of decanethiolate self-assembled monolayers on Au(111) surfaces were studied with scanning tunneling microscopy. We have observed five different phases of the decanethiolate monolayer on Au(111): four ordered phases (β, δ, χ*, and φ) and one disordered phase (ε). We have determined the boundary free energies between the disordered and order phases by analyzing the thermally induced meandering of the domain boundaries. On the basis of these results, we are able to accurately predict the two-dimensional phase diagram of the decanethiolate/Au(111) system. The order-disorder phase transition of the χ* phase occurs at 295 K, followed by the order-disorder phase transition of the β phase at 325 K. Above temperatures of 325 K, only the densely packed φ and disordered ε phases remain. Our findings are in good agreement with the phase diagram of the decanethiolate/Au(111) system that was put forward by Poirier et al. [Langmuir 2001, 17 (4), 1176-1183].

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Decane, anhydrous, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Decane, ReagentPlus®, ≥99%
Supelco
Decane, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
Decane, ≥95%
Supelco
Decane, analytical standard

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