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Inferior intrastromal corneal ring segments in paracentral keratoconus with no coincident topographic and coma axis.

Journal of refractive surgery (Thorofare, N.J. : 1995) (2013-04-06)
José F Alfonso, Luis Fernández-Vega Cueto, Begoña Baamonde, Jesus Merayo-Lloves, David Madrid-Costa, Robert Montés-Micó
ABSTRACT

To assess the visual and refractive outcomes of implantation of intrastromal corneal ring segments (ICRS) in keratoconic eyes with no coincident topographic and comatic axes. Forty-one keratoconic eyes of 39 patients with no coincident topographic and comatic axes were implanted inferiorly with a Ferrara-type ICRS (Keraring SI6; Mediphacos Inc., Belo Horizonte, Brazil) of 150° of arc with a thickness of 150, 200, and 250 μm. Uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), corneal coma-like root mean square, and residual refractive errors analyzed using vector analysis were recorded before and 6 months after the ICRS implantation. Mean UDVA was 0.76 ± 0.41 logMAR before and 0.53 ± 0.46 logMAR after surgery (P = .0006). CDVA was 0.13 ± 0.14 logMAR before and 0.07 ± 0.09 logMAR after surgery (P = .0007). Two eyes (4.9%) lost two lines or more of CDVA, 3 eyes (7.32%) lost one line, 16 eyes (39.02%) had no change in CDVA, 9 eyes (21.95%) gained one line, and 11 eyes (26.83%) gained two lines or more of CDVA. The safety index was 1.10. Spherical equivalent was significantly reduced after ICRS implantation (P < .001). Corneal coma-like root mean square changed from 0.80 ± 0.53 μm before surgery to 0.61 ± 0.59 μm after surgery (P = .02) for 4.5 mm of pupil size. One Ferrara-type ICRS of 150° of arc with a thickness of 150, 200, or 250 μm implanted inferiorly may reduce both astigmatism and corneal coma-like aberrations in keratoconic eyes with no coincident topographic and comatic axes, providing an improvement of UDVA and CDVA values.

MATERIALS
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