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Synthesis and electrochemical characterization of LiMn0.6Fe0.4PO4/C cathode material via a modified-solid state reaction method.

Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology (2013-07-19)
Hyun-Ju Kim, Bong-Soo Jin, Dong-Sik Bae, Seong-Bae Kim, Hyun-Soo Kim
ABSTRACT

LiMn0.6Fe0.4PO4/C cathode material is synthesized via a modified-solid state reaction method. The calcination temperature is adjusted in the range of 500-700 degrees C for 10 h. The crystal structure, morphology, and carbon coating layer of the synthesized LiMn0.6Fe0.4PO4/C are analyzed using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), respectively. The electrochemical performance of LiMn0.6Fe0.4PO4/C, such as initial capacity, rate capability, cycling performance and EIS is also evaluated. The synthesized cathode material shows around 100-200 nm of primary particle size with no impurities. The highest initial discharge capacity of 162.1 mA h g(-1) and columbic efficiency of 98.5% are obtained at a heat treatment temperature of 600 degrees C. In addition, LiMn0.6Fe0.4PO4/C active material shows the high capacity retention of 85% at 5 C compared to 0.2 C. It also shows the excellent capacity retention of 97.5% after the 50th charge/discharge.

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