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Histochemical study of the accumulation of copper in the liver of sheep.

Research in veterinary science (1987-01-01)
J S Kumaratilake, J M Howell
ABSTRACT

Six Merino sheep were dosed orally with a 0.2 per cent solution of copper sulphate, six others were undosed controls. Liver biopsies were obtained and stained for copper by the p-dimethylaminobenzylidene rhodanine (DMABR), rubeanic acid (RA) and ferricyanide (FCN) methods for examination by light microscopy. The initial and most marked accumulations of copper were found within the hepatocytes of the centrilobular zones. Increased copper loading resulted in copper deposition extending through the midlobular to the periportal zones. The deposition of copper was unequal between hepatocytes and with increasing copper loading isolated hepatocytes became packed with copper containing granules. Copper appeared within Kupffer cells and macrophages of portal triads. The first Kupffer cells to be positively stained and the greatest number of such cells were adjacent to the central veins. Accumulation of copper was demonstrated with hepatocytes at copper concentrations equivalent to 44.3 micrograms copper g-1 liver wet weight. The FCN method provided a more satisfactory demonstration of intracellular copper than the RA technique and the latter was better than the DMABR method. However, the DMABR technique provided the clearest morphological details.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
5-(4-Dimethylaminobenzylidene)rhodanine, 97%
Sigma-Aldrich
Dithiooxamide, 97%
Supelco
5-(4-Dimethylaminobenzylidene)rhodanine, for TLC derivatization, ≥98.0%