Phase behaviour and some physicochemical properties of cholesteryl benzoate-contained microemulsions of xylene and heptane with water using sodium deoxycholate and butan-1-ol as surfactant and co-surfactant respectively have been studied. While the microemulsion area of xylene depends insignificantly on the surfactant/co-surfactant ratio, that of heptane shows appreciable dependence. At surfactant + co-surfactant percentage of 50 or above, both the systems become oil continuous. With respect to time and temperature, the microemulsion systems have been found to be very stable. At low percentage of water, the xylene system is considerably viscous; that of heptane is less viscous but shows viscosity maximum at 45% water. Cholesterol in xylene has given greater viscosity than cholesteryl benzoate. The equivalent conductance of both the systems increase with increasing water content and the values are comparable. Unlike normal electrolyte solutions, the products of equivalent conductance and viscosity (the Walden product) sharply rise with increased water content, which suggests a special mechanism of conduction via 'channel' formation. The overall rigidity of the microemulsions is suggested by their lower specific volumes and compressibilities at all compositions. The excess specific volumes and excess compressibilities at different percentages of water are presented.
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