A comparative study of the NMR 1H and 13C spectra of reumycin, fervenulin and xanthothricin in aqueous acid-base media showed that at pH or pD ranging from 8.0 to 1.0 the antibiotics were chemically stable. By the ratio of the 1H and 13C chemical shifts of reumycin at pH 4.0-10.0 the pKa values of this antibiotic were determined: 6.7 in aqueous (D2O) solution and 8.76 in dimethylsulfoxide media. Alkalization of the solutions of reumycin (pH 12.0), fervenulin (pH 9.0) and xanthothricin (pH 8.0) resulted in irreversible chemical transformation of the antibiotics. The analysis of the chemical shifts in the PMR spectra of the transformation products revealed transformation of the uracil ring in reumycin and uracil and triazine rings in fervenulin and xanthothricin. Alkalization of the xanthothricin solutions resulted also in demethylation with formation of reumycin.
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