The microsomal fraction of the liver was studied for protein and cytochrome P450 contents as well as for aminopyrine-N-demethylase and aniline-hydroxylase activity and for its BIC spectrum under the effect of PG-I2 treatment. A significant increase was found in the cytochrome P450 content after short term treatment, while continuation of PG-I2 administration caused a significant and long lasting decrease of cytochrome P450. After prolonged application of PG-I2 the aniline-hydroxylase content decreased significantly, while the aminopyrine-N-demethylase enzyme showed no change. The BIC spectrum after 80 days PG-I2 treatment significantly decreased in the 431-432 nm region, corresponding to the decrease of cytochrome P450. Long term PG-I2 application caused no detectable ultrastructural changes in the liver.