The reagent 9-chloromethylanthracene was evaluated for derivatization of the diarrhetic shellfish poisons, okadaic acid and dinophysistoxin-1 (DTX-1), to form fluorescent products separable by liquid chromatography. The toxins were reacted with the reagent in acetonitrile in the presence of tetramethylammonium hydroxide for 1 h at 90 degrees C. The products were purified by using two silica solid-phase extraction cartridges before being determined by reversed-phase liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection. The results are comparable to those obtained using 9-anthryldiazomethane (ADAM) for okadaic acid and DTX-1 in mussel tissue. Detection limits were estimated to be about 70-100 ng/g hepatopancreas (equivalent to 12-20 ng/g whole tissue) for each toxin.
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