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Reactive liposomes encapsulating a glucose oxidase-peroxidase system with antibacterial activity.

Biochimica et biophysica acta (1997-05-22)
K J Hill, M Kaszuba, J E Creeth, M N Jones
ABSTRACT

Liposomes were prepared from phospholipid mixtures of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) and phosphatidylinositol (PI), encapsulating the enzymes glucose oxidase (GO) and GO in combination with horse radish peroxidase (HRP) by both extrusion (VET) and reverse-phase evaporation (REV). The optimum level of PI in DPPC/PI liposomes for targeting to biofilms of the oral bacterium Streptococcus gordonii has been established. The liposomes were characterised in terms of the content and activity of the encapsulated enzymes. The antibacterial activity of these 'reactive' liposomes arising from hydrogen peroxide and oxyacids in the presence of the substrates glucose and iodide ions, after targeting to the biofilms, were measured both as a function of liposome-biofilm incubation time and incubation time with the substrates. Bacterial inhibition increases with both liposome-biofilm and substrate-biofilm incubation time and with the extent of enzyme encapsulation. The reactive liposomes also display antibacterial activity in the presence of saliva. The reactive liposomes have potential value in the context of oral hygiene.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Lithium iodate, 97%
Sigma-Aldrich
Iodic acid, ACS reagent, ≥99.5%
Sigma-Aldrich
Iodic acid, puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, ≥99.5% (RT)
Sigma-Aldrich
Magnesium iodate tetrahydrate, 99.0%