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Dosimetry of chlorinated quinone metabolites of pentachlorophenol in the livers of rats and mice based upon measurement of protein adducts.

Toxicology and applied pharmacology (1997-08-01)
P H Lin, S Waidyanatha, G M Pollack, S M Rappaport
ABSTRACT

The dosimetry of chlorinated quinones arising from metabolism of pentachlorophenol (PCP), in the livers of male Sprague-Dawley rats and B6C3F1 mice was investigated via measurements of cysteinyl protein adducts and estimates of the second-order reaction rate constants between the quinones and the proteins. We had previously shown that adducts of tetrachloro-1,4-benzoquinone (Cl4-1,4-BQ) and tetrachloro-1,2-benzosemiquinone (Cl4-1,2-SQ) were observed at the highest levels in the livers of Sprague-Dawley rats to which PCP had been administered by gavage (5-40 mg/kg body wt) (Biomarkers 1, 232-243, 1996). In the current study we observed that adducts of Cl4-1,4-BQ and tetrachloro-1,2-benzoquinone (CL4-1,2-BQ) were predominant in the livers of B6C3F1 mice receiving 20 mg PCP/kg body wt. The second-order rate constants, representing in vitro reactions between Cl4-1,2-BQ and Cl4-1,4-BQ and various cysteine residues of hepatic proteins of liver cytosol and liver nuclei, were estimated to be 0.012-1.96 L(g protein)(-1) hr(-1) in rats and 0.082-1.67 L(g protein)(-1) hr(-1) in mice. The estimated tissue doses of the quinones to liver cytosol decreased in the order rat Cl4-1,4-BQ > mouse Cl4-1,4-BQ > mouse Cl4-1,2-BQ and to liver nuclei in the order mouse Cl4-1,2-BQ > mouse Cl4-1,4-BQ > rat Cl4-1,4-BQ. The corresponding doses of Cl4-1,2-SQ could not be inferred due to our inability to estimate the second-order rate constants. After aggregating the estimated contributions of all quinone species, mice had a fourfold greater dose to liver nuclei than rats, whereas rats had a threefold greater dose to liver cytosol. The increased nuclear dose to mouse liver compared to that of the rat suggests that the mouse is at greater risk to hepatic DNA damage from PCP-derived quinones. Investigation of the time course of levels of unconjugated tetrachlorohydroquinone (Cl4HQ) in the livers indicated that about 0.4% of Cl4HQ was oxidized to Cl4-1,4-BQ in both rats and mice.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
3,4,5,6-Tetrachloro-1,2-benzoquinone, 97%