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  • Synthesis of novel succinamide derivatives having a 5,11-dihydro-6H-pyrido[2,3-b][1,4]benzodiazepin-6-one skeleton as potent and selective M2 muscarinic receptor antagonists. II.

Synthesis of novel succinamide derivatives having a 5,11-dihydro-6H-pyrido[2,3-b][1,4]benzodiazepin-6-one skeleton as potent and selective M2 muscarinic receptor antagonists. II.

Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin (1997-10-23)
T Watanabe, A Kakefuda, I Kinoyama, K Takizawa, S Hirano, H Shibata, I Yanagisawa
ABSTRACT

A series of succinamide derivatives containing the 5,11-dihydro-6H-pyrido[2,3-b][1,4]benzodiazepin-6-one skeleton (6a-z) was prepared and evaluated for binding affinity to muscarinic receptors in vitro and for antagonism of bradycardia and salivation in vivo in comparison with AF-DX 116 (1a). Structure-activity relationships (SAR) studies in vitro indicated that the 4-(4-alkyl-1-piperazinyl)benzylamino moiety plays a crucial role in enhancing the affinity for M2 muscarinic receptors. Compound 6y, containing a 4-(4-isopropyl-1-piperazinyl)benzylmethylamino moiety, exhibited the highest affinity for M2 muscarinic receptors (pKi = 9.2), being 200 times as potent as 1a, and compound 6u, containing a 4-(4-ethyl-1-piperazinyl)benzylethylamino moiety, showed the highest selectivity for M2 over M3 muscarinic receptors (M3/M2 ratio = 320). Both 6y and 6u antagonized the oxotremorine-induced bradycardia in rats after intravenous or oral administration. Oral evaluation in conscious dogs showed that the efficacy for increasing the heart rate was at least 3-fold greater than that of 1a.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Succinamide, 98%