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Effects of enzyme inducers and inhibitors on the pharmacokinetics of intravenous ipriflavone in rats.

The Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology (2006-04-07)
Hye J Chung, Young H Choi, So H Kim, Myung G Lee
ABSTRACT

In order to find out what types of the hepatic microsomal cytochrome P450 (CYP) isozymes are involved in the metabolism of ipriflavone, ipriflavone at a dose of 20 mg kg(-1) (or 15 mg kg(-1)) was infused in male Sprague-Dawley rats. In rats pretreated with SKF 525-A (a non-specific CYP isozyme inhibitor in rats), the total body clearance (CL) of ipriflavone was significantly slower (29.9% decrease) than that in control rats. This indicates that ipriflavone is metabolized via CYP isozymes in rats, hence various enzyme inducers and inhibitors were used in in-vitro or in-vivo studies in rats. In rats pretreated with 3-methylcholanthrene and phenobarbital (main inducers of CYP1A1/2 and 2B1/2 in rats, respectively), the CL values were significantly higher (153 and 67.2% increases, respectively). In rats pretreated with sulfaphenazole (a main inhibitor of CYP2C11 in rats), the CL was significantly slower (22.5% decrease) than that in control rats. On addition of furafylline (a main inhibitor of CYP1A2 in rats), the in-vitro intrinsic clearance for the disappearance of ipriflavone was significantly slower (50.8% decrease) than that without furafylline. However, the CL values were not significantly different in rats pretreated with orphenadrine and isoniazid (a main inducer of CYP2E1 in rats), and quinine and troleandomycin (main inhibitors of CYP2D1 and 3A23/2 in rats, respectively) compared to controls. These data suggest that ipriflavone could be metabolized mainly via CYP1A1/2, 2B1/2 and 2C11 in rats.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Ipriflavone, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
7-Isopropoxy-3-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one, 97%