Growth inhibitory effects of 15-lipoxygenase-1 [13-(S)-HPODE and 13-(S)-HODE] and 15-lipoxygenase-2 [15-(S)-HPETE and 15-(S)-HETE] (15-LOX-1 and LOX-2) metabolites and the underlying mechanisms were studied on chronic myeloid leukemia cell line (K-562). The hydroperoxy metabolites, 15-(S)-HPETE and 13-(S)-HPODE rapidly inhibited the growth of K-562 cells by 3h with IC(50) values, 10 and 15microM, respectively. In contrast, the hydroxy metabolite of 15-LOX-2, 15-(S)-HETE, showed 50% inhibition only at 40microM by 6h and 13-(S)-HODE, hydroxy metabolite of 15-LOX-1, showed no significant effect up to 160microM. The cells exposed to 10microM of 15-(S)-HPETE and 40microM of 15-(S)-HETE showed typical apoptotic features like release of cytochrome c, caspase-3 activation and PARP-1 (poly(ADP) ribose polymerase-1) cleavage. A flow cytometry based DCFH-DA analysis and inhibitory studies with DPI, a pharmacological inhibitor of NADPH oxidase, NAC (N-acetyl cysteine) and GSH revealed that NADPH oxidase-mediated generation of ROS is responsible for caspase-3 activation and subsequent induction of apoptosis in the K-562 cell line.
Research. Development. Production.
We are a leading supplier to the global Life Science industry with solutions and services for research, biotechnology development and production, and pharmaceutical drug therapy development and production.